Plastic surgeries are conducted for various different reasons depending on the clients. The main reasons are for functionality restoring of tissues. On the minor, better physical appearance according to the patients. Some of the situations where plastic surgery is applicable are:
A. Birth disorders
Some individuals are born with various tissue abnormalities. The functioning of such organs is not as expected. Some conditions that arise during birth include:
• Birthmarks – such include haemangiomas as well as port wine staining. They are blamed to poor formations of blood vessels including veins, capillaries and arteries.
• Hypospadias – this is a disorder whereby the urethra is formed on the underside of the penis.
• Palate and Cleft lip – it is a disorder affecting the mouth. The top lip and palate are affected.
• Craniosynostosis – it is a disorder that babies can be born with. It involves a poor development of the cranium so that the head is shaped abnormally.
All the above birth defects may push for a plastic surgery since it is the most applicable and convenient for these cases.
B. Life problems
These are unfortunate events that occur to individuals during their lifetime. These include:
• Cancer disease – this disease causes body tissues to overgrow at a very high rate. Removal of these growths is necessary for survival.
• Trauma – these are wounds with long lasting effects. They include fractures.
• Severe burns – fire accidents are unfortunate situations that cause the skin to be damaged beyond repair sometimes.
• Infections – involves removing the dead tissues as well as repair.
Emotional stress and low self-esteem
Individuals who suffer from the above defects usually have a feeling of low confidence and self-hate. Treating the defects will be a huge relief and freedom to them.
Complications of plastic surgery
Similar to all other surgeries, a lot of risks are involved. Complications may also arise in the course of the operation. This depends on surgery size. More risks are involved for larger wounds.
Some of the complications may include:
• Excessive bleeding – during the operation, the surgeon being a human can accidentally cut blood vessels. This especially to arteries can cause a lot of excessive and continuous blood loss. This may then demand blood transfusion.
• Discomforts and pain – patients must experience this for the first few days or even weeks after the operation. This necessitates the use of pain killers.
• Scars – it is given that marks must remain to show the areas where the surgery took place. This however with time, fades off.
• Implant failure – implants can fail to attach which calls for further surgery. This is a very serious complication.
• Graft or flap failure – blood vessels help tissues in grafts and flaps to grow by provision of nutrients, when the blood vessels do not link properly, these tissues may die calling for another surgery to remove them.